Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
Hermosillo is the capital of the state of Sonora. The city has a population of 650,000 residents, and it is the seat of the municipality of Hermosillo, with approximately 700,000 inhabitants. With more than 100 factories (including a Ford Motor Company assembly plant), Hermosillo’s vibrant manufacturing sector is the backbone of the city’s industrial base.
The city’s origins began in the early 1700’s, when several pueblos were established on the site by Spanish inhabitants, and it was officially proclaimed “El Presidio de Pitic” in 1741. It received its current name in 1828 in honor of general José María González de Hermosillo, who had served honorably during the country’s 1810 war for independence. It was named the state capital in 1879.
Hermosillo has withstood several invasions over history, including a takeover by French troops in 1852, a trading of possession between republican and imperialist troops in 1866, and an attack by the forces of Francisco “Pancho” Villa in 1915. In addition, it was the capital of Mexico for five months in 1910, during the Mexican Revolution.
Today’s Hermosillo is a thriving city with a variety of tourist and business destinations.